Yorkshire Terrier Description
The Yorkshire Terrier, or “Yorkie”, is a small breed of dog in the toy category. They weigh between five to seven pounds on average. They have long coats that are parted down the middle. Most Yorkies are blue and tan in color but some are black and gray.
Their hair is soft and fine. It is believed that Yorkshire Terriers were created sometime after the Industrial Revolution. Scottish migrant workers came to England in search of employment and with them came their Scottish Terriers. Scottish Terriers and English Terriers cross-bred and with that came a new breed of terrier.
In 1870 the Yorkshire Terrier was named after the county of Yorkshire in England. Yorkshire Terriers are one of the world’s most popular breeds of dog. Based on 2005 registration the Yorkie is the third most popular breed in the United States.
Also Known As
Yorkshire Breed Temperament
Yorkshire Terriers have a fair and balanced temperament for the most part. They are independent and intelligent. They have a spunky nature. Yorkies usually get along well with other pets, even cats. Males tend to be territorial and often do not realize how small they are.
It is not uncommon for a threatened Yorkie to attack a much larger animal. Yorkshire Terriers are good with children. The owner should warn children not to poke or harass their Yorkie as they can nip if irritated. They can be difficult to train due to stubbornness. Yorkies, although bred as companion dogs, will on occasion hunt rodents.
Yorkshire Terrier is prone to certain disorders and health problems. The most common problem associated with Yorkies is cataracts. Trachea collapse is also very common in the breed.
Trachea collapse is partly genetic and partly environment. To avoid trachea collapse it is recommended that an owner uses a harness as opposed to a collar when walking their Yorkie. Liver shunt is a genetic disorder common in Yorkshire Terriers. The disorders cause blood to bypass the liver and thus the blood is not rid of toxins. Often the liver shunt and its effects are reversible if caught in the early stages.
Yorkshire Terriers do not require a great deal of exercise. They are a playful breed but mostly enjoy playing indoors with toys. Short walks outside will suffice.
Special Grooming Needs
Yorkshire Terriers look their best when groomed by a professional. They are one of the few breeds that seem to enjoy playing dress-up with bows and ribbons. They need to be brushed daily to prevent matting. When bathing a Yorkie you must do so in warm water as water that is too hot will cause pain to their sensitive skin and water that is too cold will live the skin chapped.